Ocmulgee National Park - Macon, Georgia
This is the only underground earthlodge that has been rebuilt to date. It is located at Ocmulgee National Park in Macon, GA. Inside the lodge is a Falcon made of clay on the ground arranged so the elders could sit on its wings. These wings surround the inner walls of the lodge. The head comes out where the Great Sun would sit and extends towards the fire pit and the entrance way. Twice a year the rising sun shines directly through the doorway, down a low narrow passageway to the falcon's head. These dates are October 22 and February 22.
Ocmulgee National Park - Macon,Georgia. This is the the Great Temple Mound and would have had a building on it for ceremonial purposes.
December 2002- Can you see a ladies face over the Great Mound? Grandmother Sun?
These pictures are of the Temple Mound at Kolomoki Historical Site, also in Georgia it would have had a building on it. The Museum there at the site is built on top of one of the actual burial mounds. This creates a viewing area looking down into a burial site inside part of the museum.
Birds view of 'Monks Mound' today. It was over 100 feet tall and contains over 22 million cubic feet of dirt ! Its base is larger than the Great Pyramid of Giza
Artist Idea of life near the 'Big Mound' -Cahokia, Illinois-There was over 120 mounds and several woodhenges found around and near Monks Mound- The population was estimated to be over 50,000.
The Capital of the Aztec Empire - Tenochtitlan- The city was built on a man-made island in the middle of a lake. Complete with fresh running water from the mountians and 'floating gardens' for food. It is estimated that over 300,000 people lived comfortably there. One of the Priest with Cortes' wrote: " We saw great towns built on the water.. on account of the great towers and buildings rising from the water, and all built of masonry... some of our soldiers even asked whether the things that we saw were not a dream? I do not know how to describe it, seeing things as we did that had never been heard of or seen before, not even dreamed about" ..It is said to be the cleanest city ever seen by the priest who describe it.
The Spanish destroyed most of this magnificent place and built Mexico City over the ruins.
Model of The ceremonial center of Tenochtitlan
The Temple to the Moon - (Large Temple)-Teotuhuican, Mexico
Teotihuacan was once the largest city in Pre-Columbian America – a cosmopolitan metropolis with unique monumental buildings. Between 100 and 650 AD – that is, about one thousand years before the Aztecs – the city was a powerful economic and cultural center which influenced the whole of Mesoamerica.
The city was laid out like a chessboard, with a wide processional avenue forming its main axis. The avenue linked the two most monumental structures in Central America: the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon. The pyramids are flanked by numerous temple platforms and palace complexes. Brightly coloured murals, rich in symbolism, adorned their walls, their pigments applied to the plaster when it was still damp. The city was divided into residential and artisans’ districts, and also had distinct quarters for people from different regions of Mexico,who retained much of their own original culture.
Teotihuacan flourished for more than five hundred years until a devastating fire in the 7th century marked the beginning of the pyramid city’s decline.
Temple of Kukulkan - Chichen' Itza, Mexico -This temple is like a big calander. The 91 steps up the four sides total to 364. Adding the top platform gives you 365, the days of the Maya year.
Emerald Mound- Stanton, Mississippi -It is the second-largest pre-columbian earthwork in north america after Monks Mound
Mound A - Etowah Mounds - Cartersville, Georgia
Mound B Etowah Mounds
Moundville Archaeological Site - Mounville, Alabama - View from Mound B looking down to the center of the site and Mound A. Moundville is the second largest site of temple mounds during the Mississippian Time Period (900AD- 1500AD). There are 32 mounds around a central plaza which is rectangular in shape.
Looking back from the center of the site to Mound B (with building) over Mound A. Mound B is over 58 feet tall with two ramps and was probably the home of the Great Sun. At its height the mound complex was the center for an estimated 10,000 people. There could have been over 1000 people living in the complex itself. Many exquisite examples of Mississippian art were found in and around the complex. Fine pottery, stone,copper, mica and engraved shells were amoung some of the items found at this site.
Machu Picchu - "Ancient City In The Clouds"
At an altitude of about 8000 feet, Machu Picchu, now one of the 7 Wonders of the World, is a small ancient city in the Andes, about 44 miles northwest of Cuzco. It is believed that the Inca ruler Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui built Machu Picchu in the mid-15th century. Machu Picchu has been described as an absolute masterpiece of architecture and a unique testimony the the Inca civilization. The cloud shrouded ruins of Machu Picchu contain palaces, baths, temples, storage rooms and some 150 buildings, built to look like part of the mountians are all in a remarkable state of preservation. These structures, carved from the gray granite of the mountain top are wonders of both architectural and aesthetic genius. Many of the building blocks weigh 50 tons or more yet are so precisely sculpted and fitted together with such exactitude that the mortarless joints will not permit the insertion of even a thin knife blade. The Inca harnished the natural springs there and with irrigation they grew corn and potatoes and provided water for the baths and houses. Machu Picchu is five square miles of a self-contained city, invisible from below, which is why the Spanish never found it. It became known as the "The Lost City of the Inca's."
One of Machu Picchu's primary functions was that of astronomical observatory. The Intihuatana stone (meaning 'Hitching Post of the Sun') has been shown to be a precise indicator of the date of two equinoxes, at midday on March 21st and September 21st, the sun stands almost directly above the pillar, creating no shadow at all. At this precise moment the sun "sits with all his might upon the pillar" and is for a moment "tied" to the rock.
Smallpox devastated the Machu Picchu before the conqueror of the Inca, the Spaniard Francisco Pizarro, arrived. Yale archaeologist Hiram Bingham discovered the ruins of the city in 1911.
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